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哪些人比较容易患肥胖症?

来源:http://www.xinlianshou.cn/ 日期:2020-02-13浏览次数:
所周知,肥胖症不仅会让身材变丑,还会增加其他疾病的患病几率。那么,哪些人容易患肥胖症呢?
As we all know, obesity not only makes the body ugly, but also increases the risk of other diseases. So, which people are prone to obesity?
什么是肥胖症?
What is obesity?
肥胖症,是指身体脂肪堆积过多所引起的一种疾病,由于肥胖,患者往往同时合并糖尿病、高血压、高血脂、脂肪肝、高尿酸、多囊卵巢综合征和睡眠呼吸暂停等代谢性疾病。杨景哥表示,肥胖症的诊断是根据BMI指数,当BMI指数超过27.5就可定义为肥胖症。
Obesity refers to a disease caused by excessive accumulation of body fat. Because of obesity, patients often have metabolic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, fatty liver, hyperuricemia, polycystic ovary syndrome and sleep apnea. Yang Jingge said that the diagnosis of obesity is based on BMI index, which can be defined as obesity when BMI index exceeds 27.5.
“肥胖症一般分为单纯性肥胖与继发性肥胖两大类,造成单纯性肥胖的原因是因为患者吃的多且运动过少,而造成继发性肥胖的原因是因为患者身体其他器官出现疾病,继而诱发肥胖现象。因此,对于不同类型的肥胖症患者一般需要不同的治疗方式来帮助其减肥。”
"Obesity is generally divided into two categories: simple obesity and secondary obesity. The cause of simple obesity is that the patients eat too much and exercise too little, and the cause of secondary obesity is that other organs of the patients have diseases, which then induce obesity. Therefore, for different types of obesity patients generally need different treatments to help them lose weight. "
此外,生活中很多人会认为肥胖症是一种营养过剩的表现,但实际上并非如此。杨景哥表示,绝大多数的肥胖症患者合并有营养缺乏问题,比如合并维生素D的不足缺乏、合并白蛋白的减低等等。所以,肥胖症并不是营养过剩的表现,相反,很可能是营养缺乏的表现。
In addition, many people in life will think that obesity is a manifestation of over nutrition, but it is not. Yang Jingge said that the vast majority of obese patients with nutritional deficiencies, such as the lack of vitamin D, combined with decreased albumin and so on. Therefore, obesity is not the manifestation of over nutrition, on the contrary, it is likely to be the manifestation of lack of nutrition.
哪些人容易患肥胖症?
Who is prone to obesity?
杨景哥表示,患上肥胖症的基本原因主要是热量的摄入与消耗失衡,即体内摄入的热量多,但消耗的少,长时间如此便会引发肥胖症。因此,肥胖症在所有人群中都可能出现,包括不同年龄阶段。
Yang Jingge said that the main reason for obesity is the imbalance between the intake and consumption of calories, that is, the intake of calories in the body is more, but the consumption is less, which will cause obesity for a long time. As a result, obesity can occur in all populations, including at different ages.
“相对于从事体力劳动的人而言,非从事体力劳动的人更容易患肥胖症,比如长期坐办公室且没有运动习惯的人等等。另外,步入中老年阶段的人群由于身体代谢速度较慢等因素影响,也较容易出现肥胖症。”
"People who are not engaged in physical labor are more likely to suffer from obesity than people who are engaged in physical labor, such as people who sit in the office for a long time and have no exercise habits, etc. In addition, people entering the middle-aged and old age stage are more likely to be obese because of the slow metabolism speed and other factors. "
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肥胖症是否会遗传?
Is obesity hereditary?
肥胖症的主要发病原因与多种疾病类似,多数是由于饮食习惯和生活习惯所致。但除此之外,遗传基因也是引发肥胖症产生的发病原因之一。“基因在很多疾病里都发挥着重要的作用,除了常见的肿瘤等疾病之外,还包括了肥胖症。因此,如果双亲都存在肥胖问题,那么其子女患有肥胖症的几率会明显增高。”
The main causes of obesity are similar to many diseases, most of which are caused by eating habits and living habits. But in addition, genetic genes are also one of the causes of obesity. "Genes play an important role in many diseases, including obesity in addition to common tumors and other diseases. Therefore, if both parents are obese, their children are significantly more likely to be obese. "
不管是哪种因素引发的肥胖症,若不积极减肥,都容易诱发一系列疾病,比如代谢性疾病、恶心肿瘤、睡眠呼吸暂停综合征、多囊卵巢综合征等等。杨景哥建议大家在日常生活中要做到控制饮食、坚持运动,通过减少脂肪的摄入以及加快脂肪燃烧来预防肥胖症的发生。
No matter what kind of factors lead to obesity, if not actively lose weight, it is easy to induce a series of diseases, such as metabolic diseases, nausea, tumor, sleep apnea syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome and so on. Yang Jingge suggested that we should control diet and exercise in daily life, and prevent obesity by reducing fat intake and accelerating fat burning.

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